Tuesday, March 28, 2023

Tonga volcano eruption is climate change driver

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The massive eruption of the undersea volcano off Tonga was in all likelihood the strongest in three decades. Now the eruption turns out to be the driver of climate change.

The January 2022 eruption of the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai submarine volcano in the South Pacific is likely to become the global warming booster. This is the result of a study in the journal “Nature Climate Change”. The eruption increased the probability of exceeding the 1.5 degree temperature increase by seven percent.

The Tonga eruption is one of the best-documented such events in human history, write the scientists led by Stuart Jenkins from the University of Oxford (UK) in the study published on Thursday. It is estimated that the eruption ejected 146 megatons of water vapor and around 0.42 megatons of sulfur dioxide into the stratosphere.

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