Russian losses – material and human – in the war against Ukraine are high.
The Russian war against Ukraine is costing Kremlin boss Vladimir Putin (70) dearly. According to Forbes Ukraine, Russia’s military costs after nine months of war amount to about 82 billion US dollars. This means that the war against Ukraine is expected to cost around ten billion dollars a month. For comparison: According to “Statista”, Russia’s military spending in 2021 was around 65.9 billion US dollars.
The supply of the troops swallowed the most money – 28.7 billion US dollars have already been spent on this. On average, a soldier costs about $200 a day. And in October, Russia drastically increased the number of its troops. 300,000 mobilized soldiers will burden the budget of the Russian Federation with an additional 1.8 billion dollars per month, according to Forbes.
Russia has lost almost all of its tanks
Ammunition and military supplies are said to be the army’s most important expenditure items during the war. According to various estimates, Russia uses between 10,000 and 50,000 shells a day in this war. Rockets and other missiles used by Putin’s troops to attack Ukraine are just as expensive. The Russians are said to have paid more than $5.5 billion just for the provision of artillery.
Added to this are the numerous losses of equipment – especially tanks and aircraft are destroyed by Ukrainian troops. Russia reportedly lost 278 fighter jets at an average value of $18 million and 261 helicopters at an average value of $10.4 million. The tanks seem to be even worse. Almost everyone here is said to have been destroyed or in the hands of the Ukrainians.
According to Forbes, all lost equipment during the nine months of the war cost Russia $20.8 billion. However, a significant amount of this equipment was not completely destroyed – but taken over by Ukraine when Russian soldiers withdrew. According to Project Oryx, which tracks the parties’ losses using photo and video evidence on the Internet, the Ukrainian soldiers were able to capture at least 1,953 units of heavy weapons.
Compensation for dead soldiers in the billions
But it is not only the material losses that are increasing – the personal ones as well. According to the General Staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, from October 24 to November 24, a record number of Russian soldiers fell in Ukraine – 17,470. Compensation payments for the dead and wounded were estimated at around $1 billion a month in the summer; in the last month of the war it was over $3.5 billion. Compensation for injuries is said to be twice as high.
According to the Russian investigative portal Istories, 90,000 Russian personnel have been lost since February 24, as reported in October. This includes the dead, but also missing and wounded who can no longer return to military service. These figures are similar to British Intelligence reports released in the autumn. They assume 80,000 fallen Russians. According to Ukraine, the number of fallen Russian soldiers is 63,000.
The effects of the war are strongly felt in their own country. In early November, Russia’s Economy Ministry said Russia’s economy shrank by 5 percent on an annualized basis in September, more than the 4 percent recorded in the previous month. Financial experts told Reuters in September that the Kremlin will face a budget deficit that “will drain Moscow’s reserves to their lowest level in years.” (chs)